Luxor “Thebes”

Luxor “Thebes”

 Luxor “world’s greatest open-air museum” is one of the oldest governorates in Egypt. It was the capital of Egypt in the time of the pharaohs. The Greeks named it “Thebes” and the ancient Egyptians called “Waset.”. The name Luxor “derives from the Arabic al-uksur, ‘the fortifications,’ which in turn was adapted from the Latin castrum,” which refers to a Roman fort built in the area, writes William Murnane in the “Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt” (Oxford University Press, 2001). Luxor was known as the home to the god Amun and then many kings asked to be buried near Luxor; now the Valley of the Kings. Luxor is a magnificent city that has its glory, yet known by its kind people, Marvelous experiences; The Hot Air Balloon and The horse- carriage and tours Luxor contains many other sites that was built during the New Kingdom period; The Valley of the Kings, The Valley of the Queens, and  Queen Hatshepsut’s mortuary temple at Deir al-Bahari. In Luxor’s West bank, you can visit many places and do many activities as mentioned above.

     The Valley of the Kings is a narrow closed valley located on the western mainland of the Nile, behind the rocks of Mount Thebes (Luxor), and it is from a geographical point of view it is a slot surrounded by the highlands. It faces from the eastern side Karnak temples about three kilometers away from it. The road that leads to the Valley of the Kings from Luxor, after crossing the Nile River, is a long road that penetrates the plain through the Temple of “Seti the First” in the village of Al-Qurna, then folds to the west on a rocky road that bends through the hills, and the length of this road is about 5 kilometers. The story of choosing this valley as a place to bury the kings is worthy to be told. Tuthmosis I (1540 – 1501 BC), the third of the eighteen pharaohs of the family wanted to choose his grave in a secluded valley behind good rocks in order to preserve his body and protect him from robbing, so he entrusted Engineer Anini would choose him this place. In the texts Anini wrote on his cemetery, as he said: I supervised the selection of the rock tomb of His Majesty King Thutmose I alone without anyone seeing me or hearing me. The ancient Egyptians believed in eternity and their means of achieving this was to take care of the matter of their dead and prepare places for burial and exhausted themselves in choosing them. They did not care about bringing huge coffin stones from far away. From ancient times until the pre-dynastic era, the ancient Egyptians chose ti be buried on the edge of the desert away from the valley’s agricultural land that is flooded annually by floodwaters, or on the rocky hillsides so that they are away from the thieves and fiddlers, as well as to be away from natural extinction factors such as humidity That analyze and destroy bodies. In addition, the tombs included everything the king will need in the afterlife. They took all the things they might need in the next world; masks, Jewelery, clothes,….etc

The valley of the Queens, known also as the “place of beauty”, according to the Pharaonic language, is one of the ancient places in Egypt that dates back to the age of the Pharaohs and was a place for the burial of queens, princes, and princesses. It was formerly known as “ta-sit-nafro”, meaning “the place of the sons of the pharaoh” or “the place of beauty” because in this place queens from the Pharaonic family’s 18, 19 and 20 were buried in addition to many of princes, princesses and a number of nobility. The valley is located near the Valley of the Kings, on the west bank of the Nile River in Luxor Governorate (Old Thebes) in Egypt. The reason for choosing its location because it is near to the Valley of the Kings, in addition to the presence of a sacred cave dedicated to the god “Hathor” at the entrance to the valley. It was believed that the cave gives the dead another life. The tomb of Queen Nefertari is the largest and most prominent cemetery in the Valley of the Queens, where Ramses the Great adorned the Nefertari shrine in a lavish manner. She was the great royal wife or the main wife of Ramses the Great. Nefertari means the beautiful companion and the name translated to different meanings such as “incomparable beloved” or “most beautiful women in the world.” Nefertari was honored with many titles like: Sweet of Love, Great of Praises,” “Great King’s wife,” “Lady of the Two Lands ,etc Nefertari Cemetery was discovered in 1904 and was not open to the public since its discovery due to the occurrence of some damage to the inscriptions and motifs. It is opened to the public in the early nineties of the last century. Near the valley of Queens, there is the valley of the workers and artists who created valley of Kings and Queens. Some of the workers’ tombs are beautiful works of are that deserve to be visited while visiting Luxor.

If you ever get the chance to visit Egypt, please don’t hesitate to visit Luxor as it contains two third of monuments in the world. The history, the activities, and the culture are all present in Luxor. The temples and the endless stories behind them make it interesting for everyone to visit Luxor. Hope you enjoy this article which is collected by Sun Pyramids Tours’ team.

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