- On 2020-04-24
- In Historical
Have you ever had the opportunity tovisit one of the world’s most spectacular monuments?
It is Egypt’s second most visited historical site; it is Abu Simble Complex.The temples of Abu Simble are a miracle and wonderful masterpieces. They depictthe professionalism and accuracy of the ancient Egyptians in construction. Abu simple area has a very rich history andremarkable facts; the history of temples magical stories of dedication,sacrifice, gratitude and determined efforts. Let’s discover the facts beyondthis unprecedentedly uttermost creation.
Abus simble temples were built by Ramesses II Pharaoh. The site is located south ofAswan along Lake Nasser; these gigantic rock-cut temples set the demarcation ofthe Southern boundary of Egypt. The temples were built to reflect the absolutepower of Egypt’s pharaohs to any enemies.
Abu Simble complex embraces two main temples: The Grand temple that isdecorated by four statues of Pharaoh Ramesses, and they are breathtakingly formidable. Thetemple includes various chambers, scripts written on the walls of the templethat describe the victorious wars, his life and brief illustrations
of the life of Ancient Egyptians. The Small Templewas constructed for the Egyptian Queen Nefertari, Ramses II most favorite wife.The SmallTemple is adorned with four great colossi, two of Ramses II and two ofNefertari. The walls of the temple exhibit pictures of Ramses and Nefertari duringtheir worship of gods.
The temples had been submerged by the sand of desert; the features of thetemples completely disappeared for a long time. The Egyptologist Giovanni Battista Belzoni rediscoveredAbu Simple complex in 1813 with the help of a Nubian boy called Abu Simple,whom the temple is named after as a sort of gratitude. When the high dam wasconstructed Abu simple complex encountered a serious threat to be totallysubmerged in Lake Nasser. The Egyptian government, with the support of UNESCO,launched a worldwide campaign to find a solution to save the temple. Thegreatest challenge was to relocate the temple to 60 meters above the mountain,away from its original place. Various solutions had been suggested, but eachone of them could have supposed the temple to danger. Finally, the engineersdecided to cut the temples into numbered pieces like puzzle in order to be ableto move them.
The rescue attempt was succeeded with the help of 200 engineers and contractorsfrom all over the world. It wasconsidered to be the most sophisticating relocation process in history; thegreat history of the temples and there supremacy made the Egyptians fight thenature to maintain and immortalize them.
The miracle and most distinguished feature of the temple lie in the phenomenonof reflection of the sun inside temple on a specific date of the year. Thetemple was constructed with estimated mathematical and geographicalcalculations in order to make that wonderful phenomenon twice a year. Themorning sun beam infiltrates through the length of the inner temple cave andilluminates the statues. This event takes place on February 22nd andOctober 22nd of every year. Thousands of people come from all overthe world to witness that magical intended event, which is regarded astestimony to the awareness, genius and skill of the ancient Egyptians.
To sum up, it is not that easy to completely describe one of the world’sgreatest temples. Every single detail in the history of the temples of AbuSimple is a clear evidence of the sacrifice, cleverness, greatness andcapability of the ancient Egyptians. You cannot miss visiting a historical sitethat relieves lasting memories and stories of dedication and hard work.Besides, do not miss your chance to book Abu Simbel Sound and Light showticket. You will go back in time to hear to history of the pharaohs, combinedwith music and suitable lighting; the show will bring the ancient Egyptiansback to life. You will see how the temple was in the past. The show isperformed in different languages to immortalize the history of the temples allover the world.